Foreign words and expressions such as cul de sac, ancien regime, deus ex machina, mutatis mutandis, status quo, gleichschaltung, weltanschauung, are used to give an air of culture and elegance.
Meanwhile, here are five specimens of the English language as it is now habitually written. The range of verbs is further cut down by means of the -ize and de- formations, and the banal statements are given an appearance of Orwell engligh language essay by means of the not un- formation.
And this is not altogether fanciful. People are imprisoned for years without trial, or shot in the back of the neck or sent to die of scurvy in Arctic lumber camps: Many political words are similarly abused. I returned and saw under the sun, that the race is not to the swift, nor the battle to the strong, neither yet bread to the wise, nor yet riches to men of understanding, nor yet favour to men of skill; but time and chance happeneth to Orwell engligh language essay all.
You cannot speak any of the necessary dialects, and when you make a stupid remark its stupidity will be obvious, even to yourself. Except for the useful abbreviations i. When one watches some tired hack on the platform mechanically repeating the familiar phrases — bestial, atrocities, iron heel, bloodstained tyranny, free peoples of the world, stand shoulder to shoulder — one often has a curious feeling that one is not watching a live human being but some kind of dummy: The slovenliness of our language allows for foolish thinking, and this foolish thinking allows for slovenliness in our language.
It is rather the same thing that is happening to the English language. Look again at the examples I gave at the beginning of this essay. I am going to translate a passage of good English into modern English of the worst sort. But you are not obliged to go to all this trouble.
Things like the continuance of British rule in India, the Russian purges and deportations, the dropping of the atom bombs on Japan, can indeed be defended, but only by arguments which are too brutal for most people to face, and which do not square with the professed aims of the political parties.
What is above all needed is to let the meaning choose the word, and not the other way around. On the other hand, it is not concerned with fake simplicity and the attempt to make written English colloquial.
The whole tendency of modern prose is away from concreteness. You can shirk it by simply throwing your mind open and letting the ready-made phrases come crowding in. Political speech and writing are generally in defence of the indefensible and so lead to a euphemistic inflated style.
Essay on psychology in Politics New York 4. It becomes ugly and inaccurate because our thoughts are foolish, but the slovenliness of our language makes it easier for us to have foolish thoughts.
Political language — and with variations this is true of all political parties, from Conservatives to Anarchists — is designed to make lies sound truthful and murder respectable, and to give an appearance of solidity to pure wind. He later emphasises that he was not "considering the literary use of language, but merely language as an instrument for expressing and not for concealing or preventing thought".
If it is possible to cut a word out, always cut it out. Orwell criticises bad writing habits which spread by imitation. He argues that it is easier to think with poor English because the language is in decline; and, as the language declines, "foolish" thoughts become even easier, reinforcing the original cause: The jargon peculiar to Marxist writing hyena, hangman, cannibal, petty bourgeois, these gentry, lackey, flunkey, mad dog, White Guard, etc.
The result, in general, is an increase in slovenliness and vagueness. Politics and the… The thesis of this essay can be divided into two portions which co-exist throughout the essay and are frequently used to support each other.
This mixture of vagueness and sheer incompetence is the most marked characteristic of modern English prose, and especially of any kind of political writing. During this section Mr. In 4the writer knows more or less what he wants to say, but an accumulation of stale phrases chokes him like tea leaves blocking a sink.
Break any of these rules sooner than say anything outright barbarous. Now analyze these two sentences a little more closely.
It consists in gumming together long strips of words which have already been set in order by someone else, and making the results presentable by sheer humbug. Orwell noted the deliberate use of misleading language to hide unpleasant political and military facts and also identified a laxity of language among those he identified as pro-Soviet.Most people who bother with the matter at all would admit that the English language is in a bad way, but it is generally assumed that we cannot by conscious action do anything about it.
Our civilization is decadent, and our language—so the argument runs—must inevitably share in the general collapse.
Every time I've taught George Orwell’s famous essay on misleading, smudgy writing, “Politics and the English Language," to a group of undergraduates, we've delighted in pointing out the number of times Orwell violates his own rules—indulges some form of vague, “pretentious” diction.
Politics and the English Language, the essay of George Orwell. First published: April by/in Horizon, GB, London. George Orwell's widely read essay 'Politics and the English Language' links the decline of the English language to the degradation of the political process.
This lesson explores Orwell's arguments and his time-tested advice to writers on how to improve their writing. "Politics and the English Language" () is an essay by George Orwell that criticises the "ugly and inaccurate" written English of his time and examines the connection between political orthodoxies and the debasement of language/5.
Politics and the English Language study guide contains a biography of George Orwell, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a .Download