Case study on acute gastroenteritis

Global illness and deaths caused by rotavirus disease in children. They cause watery diarrhea, especially in children younger than 4 years. H7, one has to rely on microbial diagnosis 2. It is resistant to penicillin, ampicillin, carbenicillin, erythromycin, and clindamycin 4.

Phavichitr N, Catto-Smith A. In most instances, no laboratory studies are required.

Symptoms are indistinguishable from those associated with rotavirus but are less severe. A positive stool Wright stain identifies WBCs in the stool. The oocyst form of cryptosporidium is found in feces, and is the infective form.

The cytotoxin produced by E.

Antibodies are detectable from days after the onset of clinical symptoms, which persist for several months. Excretion lasts after the onset of symptoms, and can continue for 4 days after the resolution of symptoms 5.

Enteral vs intravenous rehydration therapy for children with gastroenteritis: This illness is clinically indistinguishable from shigella dysentery, and is characterized by fever, abdominal pain, tenesmus, watery or bloody diarrhea.

What is the most common viral cause of acute gastroenteritis, and what are its associated symptoms? CBC, stool Wright stain, stool culture, stool Rotazyme, serum electrolytes and glucose.

Oral rehydration versus intravenous therapy for treating dehydration due to gastroenteritis in children: Most pediatricians and experts recommend against using anti-diarrheal agents such as Imodium loperamidePepto-Bismol bismuth subsalicylateand Kaopectate.

Other symptoms include abdominal cramps, nausea, headaches, myalgias and fever. Norwalk-like calciviruses which causes illness mostly in adultsSapporo-like calcivirus which primarily cause pediatric gastroenteritisrabbit-like calcivirus, and swine-like calicivirus.

Clinical symptoms in infants and children usually consist of fever, abrupt onset of vomiting and watery diarrhea. Salmonella causes several clinical syndromes: Answers to questions 1.

The vomiting history should determine whether the vomitus is bilious or bloody i. EPEC rarely causes diarrhea in older children and adults, but has been incriminated in sporadic and epidemic diarrhea in infants and children in the first 2 years of life.

Probiotics for treating infectious diarrhoea. Delays of 2 to 3 seconds may indicate moderate dehydration, and more than 3 seconds in delay may indicate severe dehydration. The clinical presentation may also mimic inflammatory bowel disease. Probiotics in the treatment and prevention of acute infectious diarrhea in infants and children: Unlike shigellosis or EIEC disease, fever is uncommon in this diarrheal illness.

Thus, if a stool culture is to be obtained, it should be done via a rectal swab. The presence of mucus in the diarrhea is generally indicative of sheets of white blood cells in the diarrhea. Fatty foods, juices, teas, sweetened cereals, soft drinks, are poor choices, and should be avoided.

The most prominent symptom is diarrhea, which is usually self-limited, lasting days. A prospective study of the usefulness of clinical and laboratory parameters for predicting percentage of dehydration in children. Stools collected early in the course of the illness are more likely to contain virus, than those collected 8 or more days after the onset of illness.

Estimating child mortality due to diarrhoea in developing countries. The diarrhea is non-bloody, and contains mucus.

Lab tests available include: Infect Dis Clin North Am. In temperate climates, infections occur mostly during the warm months, and in tropical climates, the incidence is greater during the rainy season.

Testes are descended, non-swollen, non-tender.6.

Pediatric Gastroenteritis Clinical Presentation

Acute Gastroenteritis 1. Case presentation Presented by: Nor Aini binti Mohamad Mohd Izaan Hassan bin Haron Adam Safin bin Abdul Mutti.

acute gastroenteritis, case presentation < sabrina >Agents used in the treatment and prevention of acute pediatric gastroenteritis includes: Probiotics - used in the treatment and prevention of acute diarrhea Zinc – used to treat diarrhea Metronidazole - In patients infected with mi-centre.comile and Giardia Tetracycline and doxycycline.

Case Based Pediatrics For Medical Students and Residents Department of Pediatrics, University of Hawaii John A. Burns School of Medicine Chapter IX Gastroenteritis and Dehydration Acute gastroenteritis is an ailment that is very common among children.

During the first 3 years of life, a child will likely experience about 1 to 3 acute. May 27,  · Although often considered a benign disease, acute gastroenteritis remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality in children around the world, accounting for million deaths annually in children younger.

A Case Study of Acute Gastroenteritis - Download as Word Doc .doc /.docx), PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online.3/5(6). Free Essay: Our Lady of Fatima University Case Study on ACUTE GASTROENTERITIS With SOME DEHYDRATION BSN 3Y Group D .

Case study on acute gastroenteritis
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